BOSCH TO BLOEMAERT

Early Netherlandish Drawings



Country: USA
Museum/Gallery: National Gallery of Art

 

October 8, 2017, through January 7, 2018
NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART, Washington

bosh-header_950pz_wHieronymus Bosch, The Owl’s Nest, c. 1505/1515, pen and brown ink on paper, laid down overall: 14.1 × 19.7 cm (5 9/16 × 7 3/4 in.) framed: 57.5 × 43.5 cm (22 5/8 × 17 1/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam

Early Netherlandish Drawings, includes some 100 landscapes,
portraits, biblical scenes, and historical and mythological scenes

While the exhibition features the remarkable skill and virtuosity of masters such as Hieronymus Bosch, Abraham Bloemaert, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, and Hendrick Goltzius, several key examples also reveal the variety of functions served by drawings across the 15th through 17th centuries.

HIGHLIGHTS

In the 15th-century artist’s workshop, meticulous studies recorded compositions and motifs for reuse in later works. Several drawings on view likely served this purpose, including a newly discovered sheet of the crucifixion dating from around 1440 to 1450, from the workshop of Jan van Eyck (c. 1390–1441).

Workshop-or-follower-of-Jan-van-Eyck_the-crusifixion_3957-006_950px_wWorkshop or follower of Jan van Eyck. The Crucifixion, c. 1440/1450, Goldpoint and silverpoint with pen and black ink, indented, on gray prepared paper  (discolored), laid down overall: 25.4 × 18.7 cm (10 × 7 3/8 in.) framed: 57.5 × 43.5 cm
(22 5/8 × 17 1/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.


Workshop-of-Rogier-van-der-Weyden_Virgin-and-Child,-c_950px_wWorkshop of Rogier van der WeydenVirgin and Child, c. 1440/1450, silverpoint on white prepared paper, cut out and laid down, overall: 21.4 × 13 cm (8 7/16 × 5 1/8 in.) framed: 57.5 × 43.5 cm (22 5/8 × 17 1/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.


Petrus-Christus_portrait-of-a-young-womn_3957-002_950px_wPetrus Christus, Portrait of a Young Woman, c. 1450, silverpoint on gray prepared paper, overall: 13.2 × 8.9 cm (5 3/16 × 3 1/2 in.) framed: 57.5 × 43.5 cm (22 5/8 × 17 1/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam

A selection of 16th-century drawings

Includes a number of preliminary studies, such as a rare complete set of preparatory drawings for a print series by Hans Bol (1534–1593). Very different figure studies for a painting by Abraham Bloemaert (1566-1651) offer a glimpse into artistic practices in the early 17th century.

Hans Bol

Hans-Bol_3957-028_950px_w

Hans BolMarch (Aries) from the series The Twelve Months, c. 1580/1581, pen and brown ink with brown wash, on a circular piece of paper, laid down, diameter: 14 cm (5 1/2 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

Hans-Bol_3957-039_950px_wHans Bol, Forest Landscape with a Stream, 1588, pen and brown ink with gray wash and traces of black chalk overall: 14.6 × 21.2 cm (5 3/4 × 8 3/8 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

Abraham Bloemaert

Abraham-Bloemaert_3957-097_950PX_wAbraham Bloemaert, Interior of a Cooper’s Workshop, c. 1600/1610, black chalk and pen and brown ink with brown and red wash, overall: 19 × 24.2 cm (7 1/2 × 9 1/2 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.


Abraham-Bloemaert_3957-100---950px_wAbraham Bloemaert, The Lamentation of Christ, c. 1625, black chalk with pen and brown ink and brown wash, heightened with white and squared, overall: 23.1 × 37.8 cm (9 1/8 × 14 7/8 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.


Abraham-Bloemaert_3957-098---950px_wAbraham Bloemaert, Studies of a Young Woman (recto), c. 1595/1602, red and black chalk, heightened with white overall: 20.2 × 24.7 cm (7 15/16 × 9 3/4 in.) framed: 57.5 × 43.5 cm (22 5/8 × 17 1/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.


Major artistic developments of the time

Among the most important was the emergence of landscape as a genre, a movement marked in the exhibition by several panoramic mountain views by the great master Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c. 1525/1530–1569). Studies of local and faraway scenes by later artists include Flooded Valley with Trees by Pieter’s son, Jan Breughel (1568–1625), and Landscape with Horsemen out Hawking, by Joos de Momper (1564–1635) 

Pieter Bruegel the Elder

Pieter-Bruegel_3957-024_950px_wPieter Bruegel, View of Reggio di Calabria, c. 1560, pen and brown ink with brown and gray wash (added later) overall: 15.6 × 24.2 cm (6 1/8 × 9 1/2 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

Pieter-Bruegel_3957-022_950px_wPieter Bruegel, Mountain Landscape with a Mule Caravan, c. 1553/1555, pen and dark brown ink with traces of red chalk and blue ink, overall: 21.7 × 30.2 cm (8 9/16 × 11 7/8 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.


Pieter-Bruegel_3957-023_950px_wPieter Bruegel, Mountain Landscape with the Journey to Emmaus, c. 1560, pen and brush and gray and brown ink with traces of black chalk, overall: 24.4 × 37.1 cm (9 5/8 × 14 5/8 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

Pieter-Bruegel_3957-045_950px_wPieter Bruegel, Charity, 1559, pen and brown ink, indented overall: 22.4 × 29.3 cm (8 13/16 × 11 9/16 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.


Pieter-Bruegel_3957-046_950px_wPieter Bruegel, Fortitude, 1560, pen and brown ink, indented, on paper, laid down overall: 22.5 × 29.6 cm (8 7/8 × 11 5/8 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.


Pieter-Bruegel_3957-047_950px_wPieter Bruegel, Temperance, 1560, pen and brown ink, indented overall: 22.1 × 29.4 cm (8 11/16 × 11 9/16 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

Jan Brueghel

Jan-Breughel_3957-076_950px_wJan Brueghel the Elder, Flooded Valley with Trees, c. 1590/1595, pen and brown ink, overall: 23.7 × 34.1 cm (9 5/16 × 13 7/16 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

Joos de Momper the Younger

Joos-de-Momper_3957-093_950pz_wJoos de Momper the Younger, Landscape with Horsemen Out Hawking, c. 1610, black chalk, pen and brown ink, and brown and blue wash, heightened with white, overall: 26.8 × 42.7 cm (10 9/16 × 16 13/16 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam

This period reflects a shift in attitudes toward drawings themselves

As both artists and collectors began to view them as autonomous works of art. The Owl’s Nest (c. 1505/1515) by Hieronymus Bosch (c. 1450–1516) is a spectacular early example of this trend. Decades later, the innovative painter and printmaker Hendrick Goltzius (1558-1617) made independent drawings in a variety of media. The exhibition includes 14 works by Goltzius, drawings that range from tiny metalpoint portraits to elaborate pen studies. His work also exemplifies the increasingly international character of Netherlandish art, as Goltzius absorbed the influence of the classical and Renaissance works he saw in Italy and adapted the sophisticated style his counterparts brought home from the imperial court in Prague.

Hieronymous Bosch

Hieronymous-Bosh_3957-010_950px_wHieronymus Bosch, The Owl’s Nest, c. 1505/1515, pen and brown ink on paper, laid down, overall: 14.1 × 19.7 cm (5 9/16 × 7 3/4 in.) framed: 57.5 × 43.5 cm (22 5/8 × 17 1/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

Hieronymous-Bosh_3957-009---950px_wHieronymus Bosch, Spinster and Old Woman (recto), c. 1480/1490, pen and brown and gray ink, overall: 12 × 8.5 cm (4 3/4 × 3 3/8 in.) framed: 57.5 × 43.5 cm (22 5/8 × 17 1/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

Hendrick Goltzius

Hendrick-Goltzius_3957-049_950px_wHendrick Goltzius, Portrait of Jan Baertsz, 1580, metalpoint, heightened with white, partially reworked with pen and brown ink, with gouache, on ivory-colored prepared tablet, overall: 8.3 × 7.7 cm (3 1/4 × 3 1/16 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.


Hendrick-Goltzius_3957-052_950px_wHendrick Goltzius, Doctrina (Learning), 1583, pen and black and gray ink on vellum, overall: 14.6 × 11.2 cm (5 3/4 × 4 7/16 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam

Hendrich-Goltzius_3957-053_950px_wHendrick Goltzius, Sacrificial Scene, c. 1585/1588, pen and gray ink with gray wash, heightened with white, on green prepared paper, overall: 30.9 × 40.9 cm (12 3/16 × 16 1/8 in.) framed: 52.6 × 68.7 cm (20 11/16 × 27 1/16 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

Hendrick-Goltzius_3957-077_950px_wHendrick Goltzius, Dune Landscape with a Farmhouse, c. 1603, pen and brown ink, overall: 16 × 28.4 cm (6 5/16 × 11 3/16 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam


Hendrick-Goltzius_3957-079_950px_wHendrick Goltzius, Portrait of a Bearded Man, 1609, black, pink, red, brown and white chalk, with brown wash, overall: 43.8 × 33.7 cm (17 1/4 × 13 1/4 in.) framed: 68.7 × 52.6 cm (27 1/16 × 20 11/16 in.)

Hendrick-Goltzius_3957-078_950_wHendrick Goltzius, Portrait of a Young Woman, c. 1605/1610, black and red chalk, on vellum with a white ground overall: 16.2 × 11 cm (6 3/8 × 4 5/16 in.) framed: 57.5 × 43.5 cm (22 5/8 × 17 1/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

Hendrick-Goltzius_3957-067_950px_wHendrick Goltzius, Venus and Cupid, 1590, pen and brown ink on paper, laid down on a seventeenth- or early eighteenth-century mount, overall: 37.6 × 29.7 cm (14 13/16 × 11 11/16 in.) framed: 68.7 × 52.6 cm (27 1/16 × 20 11/16 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam

Hendrick-Goltzius_3957-068_950px_wHendrick Goltzius, The Sense of Sight from the series The Five Senses, c. 1595/1596, black chalk, pen and brown ink, brown wash, and red chalk, heightened with white and indented, partially overdrawn in graphite, overall: 15.9 × 12.4 cm (6 1/4 × 4 7/8 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

 

Other Artists of the time

Hendrick-Cornelisz_3957-083_950px_wHendrick Cornelisz Vroom, Ships in a Storm, c. 1595/1600, pen and brown ink, overall: 14.8 × 29.7 cm (5 13/16 × 11 11/16 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.


Lucas-van-Leyden_3957-011_950px_w
Lucas van Leyden, Jaël Killing Sisera, c. 1520/1525, pen and brown ink, overall: 27.1 × 20.3 cm (10 11/16 × 8 in.) framed: 57.5 × 43.5 cm (22 5/8 × 17 1/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

Maarten-van-Heemsker_3957-041_950px_wMaarten van Heemskerck, The Triumph of Isaac, 1559, black chalk with pen and brown ink, indented, on paper, laid down, overall: 18.3 × 26.2 cm (7 3/16 × 10 5/16 in.) framed: 43.5 × 57.5 cm (17 1/8 × 22 5/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

Johannes-Wierix_3957-066_950px_wJohannes Wierix, The Judgement of Paris, c. 1598/1599, pen and brown ink on vellum, overall: 30.7 × 23.5 cm (12 1/16 × 9 1/4 in.) framed: 57.5 × 43.5 cm (22 5/8 × 17 1/8 in.) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

STATEMENT
Earl A. Powell III, director, National Gallery of Art, WashingtonEarl A. Powell III
Director, National Gallery of Art, Washington.

“This exhibition presents a stunning selection of Netherlandish drawings,”  
“The National Gallery of Art has a nearly 50-year tradition of presenting drawing exhibitions that focus on specific treasures from other collections around the world, and we are delighted to be able to introduce our visitors to this selection of rare, innovative, and distinctive sheets from this distinguished Rotterdam institution. As the final venue for the exhibition’s tour, we are delighted to be the only U.S. museum presenting these works to our millions of visitors in the nation’s capital.”


CURATORS
The exhibition is curated by Albert J. Elen, senior curator of drawings and prints, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam. Stacey Sell, associate curator, department of old master drawings, National Gallery of Art, Washington, is the coordinating curator for the presentation in Washington.

ORGANIZATION
The exhibition is organized by the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

CATALOGUE
catalogue cover _bosch to bloemaert_w
Authors:
Yvonne Bleyerveld, Albert J. Elen, and Judith Niessen

Softcover
8.9 x 11 inches
296 pages
Published: 2014
$75.00

Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen in Rotterdam holds a particularly rich collection of early Netherlandish drawings which run from the late Middle Ages to the period which is justly called the dawn of the Golden Age. Key names include Hieronymus Bosch, Lucas van Leyden, Pieter Bruegel, Hendrick Goltzius, Karel van Mander, Jacques de Gheyn, and Abraham Bloemaert.

This catalog is the result of a long-term research project into this unique collection. More than 400 pages have been cataloged in recent years, and a selection of 140 of the finest works is resented in full-page format and color in this book, together with explanatory texts including supporting illustrations.

bosch-interior-pages_900_w

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