Jean Paul Getty. The Getty Center, Los Angeles, aerial view
Collector and Philanthropist
Birth, Education and Family
Jean Paul Getty was born on December 15, 1892, in Minneapolis. He was the son of George Franklin Getty, a lawyer who went into the oil business in Oklahoma in 1903. Two years later the family moved to California where J. Paul was raised.
He attended the Harvard Military Academy and the Polytechnic High School, both in Los Angeles, and graduated in 1909. He studied at the University of Southern California (Los Angeles) and the University of California at Berkeley for two years, and then he went to Oxford where he took his diploma in politics and economics in 1914.
In 1923, when he was 30, Getty married Jeannette Dumont, aged 18. Jeannette was his first wife and the mother of his first child, George Franklin Getty II. J. Paul married five times and all his wives were younger than him. In 1925, he married Allene Ashby, the daughter of a Texas rancher, but they had no children. His third wife was the German Adolphine Helmle (married in 1928) and they had one son, Jean Ronald. Then, in 1932, he married Ann Rork and they had two sons, Eugene Paul and Gordon Peter. His fifth wife was Louise Dudley Lynch (married in 1939) and they had a son, Timothy, who died at the age of 12. Most of Getty’s former wives had a good word for him and vice versa. He also expressed regrets for all his divorces “because I don’t like anything to be unsuccessful.”
J. Paul Getty returned to the United States after his graduation and began working as a wildcatter, buying and selling oil leases in Oklahoma for his father. By 1916, at the age of 23, Getty who at the time was already running his own oil company made his first million and established his first successful oil well in Oklahoma. In the 1920s, he drilled in California and continued to amass his fortune. He became president of the Getty Oil Company when his father, George Getty, died in 1930. In 1964, he acquired multiple oil interests and merged these holdings into the Getty Oil Company. He was the president of the Company until his death in Surrey, England, on June 6, 1976.
In 1949, Getty obtained a 60-year concession to a tract of barren land near the border of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, in which no oil had been discovered. He paid King Ibn Saud $9.5 million in cash for the concession and agreed to pay $1 million a year for its duration whether or not oil was struck. In 1953, and after an investment of $30 million, Getty struck oil in enormous quantities and became a billionaire, mainly thanks to the production from that field (over 16 million barrels a year).
Getty’s ability (and agility) in amassing his fortune impressed most of his business contemporaries as well as his sons. “He is comparable to Henry Ford, Commodore Vanderbilt or Andrew Mellon,” stated a Wall Street broker, whereas one of his sons, George, once said: “Mr. Getty is the smartest businessman I know. Coming to see him is like visiting Mount Olympus.”
In 1957, Fortune magazine named Jean Paul Getty the richest man in the world, but most people had never heard of him.
Exceptional Art Collector
Getty’s hobby was art collecting and he became a successful art collector. He even wrote two books on this subject: “The Joys of Collecting” (1965) and “Europe in the Eighteenth Century” (1949)
Jean Paul Getty in 1964 at his Surrey, UK, manor, Sutton Place, in front of Peter Paul Rubens’s Diana and Her Nymphs on the Hunt (1627–28). Photo: Ronny Jaques for Town and Country, courtesy the Julius Shulman Photography Archive and the Getty Research Institute.
Getty started his collection in the 1930s. He preferred the art of royals and aristocrats from western history: Greek and Roman sculpture, paintings of Renaissance masters, and furniture of 18th century European monarchs. He had a genuine desire to share his art with the public and, thus, part of his Ranch House in Malibu (Pacific Palisades, California) was converted into a museum.
The Getty Villa
Late in life Getty conceived the idea of building a major museum on his ranch property. The design of the museum was inspired by the Roman Villa dei Papiri at Herculaneum, Italy, which had been buried in the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 A.D. The Villa opened in 1974, and although the critics didn’t like it, the public loved it.
The Getty Villa offers an incomparable setting for the study and enjoyment of the arts and cultures of ancient Greece, Rome, and Etruria.
Getty constantly warned the Museum’s staff that the institution would have to survive on the original $40 million endowment he had provided. However, in his will, he left virtually his entire estate to the institution in trust, giving it a greater endowment than any other museum in the world.
The Getty Center and The J. Paul Getty Trust
The Getty Center in the Brentwood neighborhood (Los Angeles, California) is a campus of the Getty Museum and other programs of the Getty Trust. The $1.3 billion Center designed by architect Richard Meier is one of the two locations of the J. Paul Getty Museum (the other location is the Getty Villa).
The Center was opened to the public on December 16, 1997 and also includes the Getty Research Institute (GRI), the Getty Conservation Institute, the Getty Foundation, and the J. Paul Getty Trust. The Getty Center, which is well known for its architecture, gardens, and views, is visited by more than 1.3 million people every year. The J. Paul Getty Trust is the world’s wealthiest art institution with an estimated endowment in $US 5.6 billion in 2011.
The J.Paul Getty Museum.
Handbook of the Collection
5 1/2 x 8 3/8 inches
374 color illustrations
Imprint: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015
This gorgeous new edition of The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collection features over 350 of the museum’s most beloved objects. Updated to include numerous exciting new acquisitions—from the Gillion manuscript to Gauguin’s Arii Matamoe (The Royal End), from J. M. W. Turner’s Modern Rome to Robert Mapplethorpe’s famous Self Portrait—the handbook presents an overview of the Getty’s world-renowned collections and provides a history of the museum and its famous founder.
From treasures of the ancient world and medieval manuscripts to Renaissance drawings, French furniture, Impressionist paintings, iconic American photographs, and much more, the handbook offers an indispensable look at both the magnificently reimagined Getty Villa in Malibu and the dazzling Getty Center on a hilltop in Brentwood. Whether a regular visitor to the two sites or someone who hasn’t yet made the trip, this richly illustrated and beautifully redesigned volume is a must-have for any art lover.
The Getty Center: http://www.getty.edu/museum/
Getty Villa: http://www.getty.edu/visit/villa/